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CHARLESTON, S.C. (Tuesday, April 18, 2017) — Are our testing laboratories catching the cheaters? And are our racing officials getting it right? Those are among the hot-button topics that promise insightful and lively discussion at the ARCI Conference on Racing Integrity and Welfare that runs Tuesday through Thursday at the Charleston Marriott. The three days of panels and presentations address issues facing members of the Association of Racing Commissioners International, which represents the only independent entities recognized by law to license, make and enforce rules and adjudicate matters pertaining to pari-mutuel racing. Paul Matties Jr., winner of the 2016 National Handicapping Championship, will provide a horseplayer’s perspective into whether today’s racing officials are making the correct calls. Joining Matties on the “Questioning Whether Racing Officials Get It Right” session on Wednesday morning will be veteran steward Hugh Gallagher, chair of the Racing Officials Accreditation Program and the New York Racing Association’s first safety steward, and Maryland Racing Commission executive director and ARCI treasurer Mike Hopkins. Outgoing ARCI chair and 2001 NHC tournament winner Judy Wagner serves as moderator. “Any time I can represent the horseplayers, I’m always honored,” said the 47-year-old Matties, a professional gambler and horse owner from Ballston Spa, N.Y. “It’s become commonplace in the industry over time that the players are the ones who are forgotten when decisions need to be made. I’m optimistic that somebody is reaching out. All horseplayers go about things in different ways. I’ve been thinking about it, so I can represent everybody — not just what I believe. I’m going to think of it as we’re a group. “I’m not going there to be critical of anything that has been done in the past. Let’s look at future things. I’m excited to go, and I’m curious what kind of things I’ll be asked. I hope Judy doesn’t take it easy on me. I want it to be substantive.” Wagner, who is vice chair of the Louisiana Racing Commission and the horseplayers’ representative on the board of the National Thoroughbred Racing Association, said the panel is part of ARCI’s outreach to players to “listen and ensure a product that has a high level of integrity. “We want this panel — and the others at the conference — to provide unvarnished insight and dialogue on how we can improve, as well as what we are doing right.” “ARCI members work for the public and not any aspect of the industry,” said ARCI president Ed Martin. “We are always careful to keep the horseplayer in mind with everything we do.  Horseplayers outnumber everyone else and keep the sport going. We should never forget that. “There are many racing-related meetings each year by various groups, but the annual RCI conference is the only one where industry issues and potential solutions are discussed directly with the people who actually make and enforce the rules throughout North America and parts of the Caribbean. The regulatory standards determined at this meeting more often than not actually become the policy affecting everyone involved in racing.  The RCI members are the only truly independent arbiters of racing-related matters as designated by the various laws that have empowered them.” Other panels at the conference: “Drug Testing Forum: Are We Doing It Right? Are We Catching the Cheaters?” “Veterinarians: Racing Records and the Trust Issue” “The Adjudication System: Is there a Better Way?” “Policing the Backside: A View From the Front Line” “Regulating the Whip and Crop” “Promoting Racing - Putting our Best Foot Forward in a Storm of Negativity” Presentations include “The Challenge in Adapting New Technology and Opportunities to Statutory Limitations.” Meetings include: model-rules committee, drug testing standards, ARCI’s annual business meeting and board organizational sessions as well as the regulators’ Standardbred and Quarter Horse racing committees. Wednesday’s luncheon speaker features Bennett Liebman, Esq., the Albany Law School’s Government Lawyer-in-Residence, giving a talk entitled, “Confessions of a Recovering Racing Regulator.” The complete agenda and information about speakers can be found at Ed Martin, ARCI president

The harness racing race-fixing scandal has widened, with authorities identifying at least two more allegedly fixed races. Police will allege harness trainer-driver Bart Cockburn, 27, who was charged with four race-fixing offences, was involved in a fix in three separate races from November last year, all at Brisbane’s Albion Park. Cockburn was alleged to have participated in a fix on November 12 last year, when fellow driver-trainer Dayl March was also alleged to have been involved in an organised race result. March was charged with the race-fixing offence under the Queensland Criminal Code earlier in the week. It is understood while both March and Cockburn colluded to win the race on November 12, neither were able to pull off the alleged fix. The Sunday Mail understands Cockburn’s charges also relate to a November 5 race in which he drove the fourth-placed Marty Bee, and a January 27, 2017, race in which he came second on Major Kiwi. Authorities say the alleged fixing charges did not always mean the accused was attempting to win the race. Queensland Racing Integrity Commissioner Ross Barnett indicated there would be more charges to follow in the coming weeks as the investigation into the fixed races continues to evolve. “This is an emerging picture,” he said. “As we talk to more people and arrest more people, it will deepen our understanding of what is going on in the industry. “Other people will be interviewed and potentially charged in the coming days and weeks.” Part of the police investigation now and in the future will focus on betting activity that has accompanied the alleged fixing activity, where it may have occurred through either legal or illegal methods. Bart Cockburn placed 5th in the 2015-16 drivers’ premiership race, steering home 100 winners in his 676 starts. He amassed a total of more than $870,000 prize money for connections over the premiership season. By Trenton Akers Reprinted with permission of The Courier-Mail

A Warwick man has been arrested in relation to what authorities have called a "loose cartel" of harness racing drivers and trainers involved in race fixing in Queensland. Trainer-driver Dayl March, 46 from Warwick, was this week arrested and charged with race fixing. It relates to Race 2 at Albion Park on November 12 last year, where it will be alleged March organised corruptly the outcome of that race. The 46-year-old was arrested following search warrants carried out by detectives from the Queensland Racing Crime Squad, attached to the Queensland Racing Integrity Commission. In a press conference this morning, Detective Superintendent Jon Wacker said March has had his licence suspended and was due to face Brisbane Magistrates Court on May 10. "This is the first time an arrest has been made in relation to race fixing in harness racing in Queensland and further arrests are expected to be made," he said. "Once a person is charged with an offence relating to match fixing, their licence is automatically suspended. "The commission then has the power to suspend their licence for life." The maximum penalty for race fixing - a recent addition to the Queensland Criminal Code - is 10 years imprisonment. In the past week, police have visited properties of five harness racing participants in Warwick, The Gap, Logan Village, Redcliffe and Limestone Ridges as part of the joint investigation between the QRIC, Crime and Corruption Commission and Queensland Police. Detectives seized mobile phones, computers, documents and clothing that will now be forensically examined. Queensland Racing Integrity Commissioner Ross Barnett said the investigation started just weeks after the commission was formed in July last year. "This has been a long- running investigation that highlights the importance of inter-agency co-operation," Mr Barnett said. "The investigation has identified a loose cartel of drivers and trainers involved in systemic race fixing ... who decide who will win the race and how they will win it. "We are not talking every race or even every race meeting, but certainly more than one race - it is more frequent than it is rare." Mr Barnett said there was no suggestion there was any involvement of stewards in race fixing and urged anyone aware of misconduct to come forward.  Darling Downs Harness Racing Club president Anthony Collins declined to comment.  Warwick Turf Club president Phil Grant said it was a shock to learn of the arrest this morning. "Though harness racing is separate to the thoroughbred racing, it's definitely not something we want to see Warwick in the news for," Mr Grant said. "It's not something I've ever seen before - I can't think of the last time there's been an allegation (of race fixing) in the thoroughbred industry.  "Racing Queensland brought in the commission to enforce the regulation and ensure no one is able to fix a race so now it's up to the courts to decide whether he's done the wrong thing." Mr Barnett said the commission ultimately hoped to improve confidence in the racing industry as a result of the investigation. "We think this could have a short term negative impact on confidence in the sport but in the long-term I believe this will be of benefit to the industry," he said. "This is solely the fault of the greedy and corrupt people who have participated in match fixing who have damaged the sport they participate in and claim to love. "I believe dealing with these issues will eventually lead to increased wagering confidence in the industry." Sophie Lester Reprinted with permission of  The Warick Daily News

Detectives from the Queensland Racing Crime Squad attached to the Queensland Racing Integrity Commission have this week executed search warrants at properties of five harness racing participants. This resulted in the arrest of a 46-year-old Warwick man who has been charged with one count of Match Fixing under the Queensland Criminal Code. This action is the result of a protracted investigation by the QPS, CCC and QRIC into systemic match fixing in the harness racing industry. Premises visited this week included properties at Limestone Ridges, Warwick, The Gap, Logan Village and Redcliffe. Detectives seized mobile phones, computers, documents and clothing. The items will now be forensically examined as part of the investigation. Since its inception July 1 2016 the QRCS has been collocated with the Queensland Racing Integrity Commissioner at Albion and is tasked with investigating serious animal cruelty, match fixing and major and organised crime across all three codes of racing. Queensland Police If you have information for police, contact Policelink on 131 444 or provide information using the online form 24hrs per day. You can report information about crime anonymously to Crime Stoppers, a registered charity and community volunteer organisation, by calling 1800 333 000 or via 24hrs per day.

There is a black cloud still hanging over New Zealand harness racing amid the allegations of race fixing that shocked the industry one month ago. We have received several letters and emails from people angry over what has been alleged and the lack of information over if anyone has been charged and if so what they have been charged for. One of the letters we received sums up what many in the industry are feeling over this issue:   The RIU has badly failed to protect the integrity image of an Industry that funds it to exist. One of the worst allegations in the world of gambling is the word 'fixed' but unfortunately whether it's cricket, tennis, boxing, horse racing or any other sport where the human element can predetermine the final result it does happen. When a punter finds out that a match or race result was fixed for those with the inside information to prosper from and he has lost his money his future confidence to bet on that sport will be low. Racing doesn't need sensational headlines to taint public confidence that the racing industry promotes as clean and well regulated.   The media story on February 14th stating 'police and racing integrity unit investigating allegations of race fixing' sent shockwaves throughout the racing industry. An industry that survives on revenue from gambling which has lost its pre-1980’s dominance to compete for the gambling dollar against casino's and lotto.  Internet forms of gambling and regulations are adhered to by it's industry participants and if they don't they are dealt with accordingly. The media story advised that the NZ Racing Industry's integrity unit have started an investigation into allegations of race fixing. Claims of multiple harness races were fixed by industry participants for the benefit of a group of gamblers. Mike Godber said he could not comment on whether the unit was investigating. However sources have confirmed the investigation is under way but in its early stages. Any member of the public reading that story and not having any Industry knowledge would have no reason to doubt the validity of the above story. For me knowing the industry this story does raise serious concerns but these concerns should be  more worrying for all those involved in harness racing such as owners, trainers, drivers, HRNZ staff, Club and even punters. The story implicates that any harness participant could be involved in these allegations which has the potential to financially harm an industry that is currently struggling compared to previous years. The story doesn't provide enough substance to provide a clear picture as to what and who could be involved so as we have seen reading online forums people theorise as to what has happened. The biggest losers are the drivers as the end result requires their services for a race fix to transpire.  The RIU is charged with managing the integrity of NZ Racing. All harness participants’ integrity now are under suspicion and the General Manager won't comment on whether the RIU is investigating. Every harness participant should be demanding that the RIU is investigating as everyone's integrity is currently under question. If they are not investigating they are not carrying out their duties. The sole purpose of the RIU is to serve the racing industry and when one code is having its integrity questioned they must be seen to be supporting by following up with concerns and it which will also show the public that you are acting on integrity issues. The integrity of harness racing has had a major implication made and the RIU won't comment on whether they are investigating? A couple of people have said to me they are not commenting because they want it to disappear, can you blame them for that analogy because why else would you not confirm either way. It's a very simple question and people deserve an answer yes or no not a riddle. Following the initial story The Informant wrote "racing industry officials are mystified by allegations that police and the RIU are investigating race fixing". Mike Godber said that it is the policy of police and the RIU to neither confirm or deny whether any investigations were under way. It's an integrity issue which you owe to those it is harming publicly to confirm either way. "This is a position we maintain as a matter of policy." Your policy needs some serious revamping when you state that the newspaper article is based on innuendo and rumour with no names or substance just a source that's one reason why you confirm one way or the other Mr Godber by not advising that an investigation is underway you are fuelling the innuendo and rumours which doesn't help the overall integrity of harness racing. So racing officials are mystified by the allegations The Informant quotes so to help dispel these innuendo's and rumours you get hold of the reporter and get a retraction from his story that the police and the RIU are investigating this so called race fixing scandal. Straight away the allegations look ill founded as the source has said investigations are under way when in fact racing officials state they knew nothing although just to confuse everyone the RIU won't back up the racing officials claims ether way regarding an enquiry. The rumour mill is now away again. That was a dangerous statement as once the public read that it was been investigated they think there must be some truth to it. On behalf of every harness participant you request all information that was given to the reporter and investigate it fully, then if no retraction or details are supplied of the supposed race fixing you advise the media you couldn't investigate as the relevant information wasn't supplied then the public will consider there can't be any truth to it as the information wasn't handed over. The concerning part for me is that Mr Godber says the article is based on innuendo and rumour with no names or substance just a source. An integrity unit and you won't confirm or deny the matter is been investigated. The RIU has an anonymous phone line to report any integrity issues. Anonymous means no names or substance just a source so your saying you won't confirm if a story basically driven by an anonymous source and read by thousands is been investigated but your advising people to ring the anonymous phone line basically giving information like the paper received and you will investigate. Can you confirm or deny that the RIU Investigate every call made anonymously? Why play games with the Industry's integrity by saying that you can't confirm or deny that an investigation is underway. To make that comment look laughable please explain exactly how the RIU came to the conclusion that the article is based on innuendo and rumour which obviously could only be the end result from conducting an investigation on the matter. Just remind yourself the RIU isn't bigger than the Racing Industry it's there to serve it and the Industry expects straight answers just like they expect from all those involved. If you are an industry participant in harness racing especially in Canterbury and are not involved in any race fixing you should consider ringing the RIU and demand to know if an investigation is either underway and if not you want one started now as your integrity is currently under a cloud like everyone's else and the future support by any of the public who currently bet on harness racing is going to suffer until the matter is resolved.  Finally Mr Goodber could you please advise if the reply from a trainer or driver facing a racing charge to the RIU is an acceptable response when given as "I can't confirm or deny". That type of reply could be considered as one of contempt which is a bad look from a unit who represents integrity. Yes the story was badly reported but the response from the RIU in handling the matter reflected a lot worse and showed a serious lack of knowledge on how to adequately address the situation for the industry that it represents. K Burt   We can only hope that this inquiry gets resolved quickly and does not just die a slow death that leaves a bad taste in the mouths of our drivers. People do not easily forget issues of this nature and to tarnish New Zealand’s harness racing drivers without rapidly releasing a statement either charging someone or eliminating them from any wrongdoing is not a good look.   Harnesslink Media

Racing industry officials are mystified by allegations in an article in today’s Christchurch Press that police and the Racing Integrity Unit are conducting an investigation into race fixing. The front page article, written by investigative reporter Martin Van Beynen, does not name which racing code is being investigated but the inference is that it involves Canterbury harness racing. The article alleges that the investigation is ‘focusing on claims multiple races were fixed by industry participants for the benefit of a group of gamblers’ and despite the refusal by police and the RIU to comment, ‘sources have confirmed the investigation is under way but in its early stages’. Harness Racing New Zealand chief executive Edward Rennell told that the first he knew of any supposed investigation was when he was contacted late yesterday by Cambridge-based Drivers and Trainers’ Association president and HRNZ Board member Rob Lawson, informing him that he had been contacted by the media for comment. “It’s complete news to us at Harness Racing New Zealand,” Rennell said. “If there is anything untoward that requires investigation we would hope that the RIU is doing its job, but at this point we are unaware of anything.” When spoken to by, RIU general manager Mike Godber said that it is the policy of police and the RIU to neither confirm or deny whether any investigations were under way. “That is a position we maintain as a matter of policy,” Godber said. “The newspaper article is based on innuendo and rumour with no names or substance, just a source.” Dennis Ryan The Informant  

In September 2016, Harness Racing New South Wales (HRNSW) commenced an investigation into communications between registered owner Mr Harvey Kaplan and licensed trainer/driver Mr Nathan Jack in the period leading up to the Goulburn meeting on 26 January 2015. During this investigation HRNSW has undertaken various investigations including interviews with relevant parties, analysis of the betting relating to the race, certain forensic imaging of mobile telephones and computers. HRNSW has been assisted by Harness Racing Victoria in this matter. On 8 November 2016,Mr Nathan Jack was issued with the following charges: Charge 1: Pursuant to Rule 240 – Improper Conduct relating to a text message received from Mr Harvey Kaplan and his reply. Charge 2: Pursuant to Rule 246 – In that he has failed to report behaviour that could have cause or is likely to cause a breach of the Rules. This charge is in the alternative to Charge 1. Mr Jack pleaded not guilty to charge 1 and guilty to charge 2. Subsequently HRNSW withdrew the charge pursuant to Rule 240. Mr Jack was fined $10,000 payable by 24 December 2016. Should the fine not be rendered by that date, Stewards ordered that Mr Jack’s license to drive in races be suspended for a period of 4 months effective immediately. REID SANDERS | CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER (02) 9722 6600 •

RWWA Harness Racing Stewards today concluded an inquiry with respect to Driver Mr Michael Young in relation to a report received from RWWA Form Analyst, Mr Trevor Styles concerning wagering activity on Race 9 at Albany on 16 January 2016 and the handling of BABY HOUSEMAN NZ in that race.   The matter was the subject of investigations and interviews with several persons prior to the commencement of the Stewards inquiry.   The Stewards inquiry commenced on 29 April 2016 where evidence was taken from Driver Mr M Young, Owner Mr C Edwards and RWWA Form Analyst Mr T Styles. The inquiry was adjourned for the Stewards to consider the evidence presented.   The inquiry resumed on 1 June 2016 where Mr Young was charged with the following three (3) charges;   Charge 1 Harness Rule of Racing 44(1) with the specifics of the charge being that, at Albany on 16 January 2016 in Race 9 on his drive BABY HOUSEMAN NZ Mr Young changed race tactics on the horse by handing up the lead of the field to TELEGRAPH LOVE in the early stages of the event contrary to the way the horse was driven at its last two race starts, without notifying the Stewards prior to the event. This change in tactics being his intention prior to the event.   Charge 1 Harness Rule of Racing 208 with the specifics of the charge being that, prior to Race 9 at Albany over 1828m on 16 January 2016, Mr Young divulged information privately to owner Chris Edwards that as the driver of BABYHOUSEMAN NZ in Race 9 he would most likely hand up and take a sit on TELEGRAPH LOVE, with this done for the purpose of giving Mr Edwards a betting advantage in the race on TELEGRAPH LOVE, a horse tipped to him by Mr Young and in doing so divulged information improperly.   Charge 3 Harness Rules of Racing 243 with the specifics of the charge being that in Race 9 at Albany on 16 January 2016, Mr Young on his drive BABY HOUSEMAN NZ the favourite in the race which was initially leading the field, intentionally handed up the lead of the field to TELEGRAPH LOVE when racing in the back straight on the first occasion and in doing so advantaged TELEGRAPH LOVE’s chances of winning the event. He also failed to drive out BABY HOUSEMAN NZ until roughly the 100 metre mark. This was done to aid his connections, specifically Chris Edwards who had heavily supported TELEGRAPH LOVE. An act which is detrimental to the Industry.   Mr Young requested an adjournment before pleading to the charges. Stewards granted the adjournment and acting under R183(d) suspended Mr Young’s licence pending the outcome of the inquiry.   The inquiry resumed on 31 August 2016 where Mr Young, represented by Senior Counsel pleaded not guilty to all charges. Called to give evidence at this hearing was Trainer Mr G Hall Snr, Driver Mr L Inwood and RWWA Deputy Steward Mr B Sutherland.   At this hearing Mr Young was charged with an additional charge being;   Charge 4 Harness Rules of Racing 91(1)(b) with the particulars of the charge being that, at the Byford training complex on 22 June 2016, Mr Young carried out activities of a licensed person by assisting with the care and control of horses namely by applying and adjusting gear whilst his licence was suspended.   The inquiry was adjourned with the Stewards reserving their decision.   On Friday 22 September, Mr Young was advised that the Stewards had determined to find him guilty of the charges laid. After hearing submissions on the matter of penalty at an inquiry on 18 October 2016 Stewards determined on 26 October 2016 the following;   • Charge 1 - fined $500 • Charge 2 - disqualified three (3) years • Charge 3 - disqualified four (4) years • Charge 4 - disqualified six (6) months   In determining penalty Stewards took into account:   • The seriousness of the matter and the need for the penalty to serve as a deterrent. • Mr Young’s personal circumstances. • Mr Young’s record and involvement in harness racing. • Previous penalties issued under similar rules.   That the offences in relation to charges 2 & 3 in particular, struck at the heart of integrity and have significant potential to tarnish the image of harness racing.   The periods of disqualification are to be served concurrently.   As Mr Young has effectively been suspended since 1 June 2016, the four (4) year term of disqualification issued has been back dated to commence on 1 June 2016 and will now expire on 31 May 2020.   By Racingbase Staff in Harness 27 Oct 2016   Reprinted with permission of the site

Harness Racing Victoria (HRV) Stewards have issued 39 charges under the Australian Harness Racing Rules (AHRR) against licensed trainer/driver Mr Nathan Jack. The first 37 charges were issued under the provisions of AHRR 230 which reads as follows: Except with the consent of the Controlling Body a person shall not associate for purposes relating to the harness racing industry with a disqualified person or a person whose name appears in the current list of disqualifications published or adopted by a recognised harness racing authority.  It is alleged that from 7 January 2015 until 23 October 2015 Mr Jack did associate with NSW disqualified person Jackson Painting for the purposes of harness racing, including allegations of communication about the chances of competing horses, race tactics, ownership decisions regarding horses and the purchase of veterinary substances.       One further charge was issued under the provisions of AHRR 245 which reads as follows: A person shall not direct, persuade, encourage or assist anyone to breach these rules or otherwise engage in an improper practice. One charge was issued under the provisions of AHRR 246 which reads as follows: A person who has reasonable grounds for believing that someone is behaving, may behave or has behaved in a way causing, likely to cause or which has caused a breach of these rules shall promptly bring the matter to the notice of the Controlling Body or the Stewards. Both of these further charges also relate to Mr Jack’s alleged communication with Mr Painting. Other information in relation to this matter has been referred to HRNSW Stewards.  These charges will be heard before the HRV Racing Appeals and Disciplinary (RAD) Board on a date to be fixed. Harness Racing Victoria

A former horse trainer found guilty of race-fixing in relation to the 2013 Tamworth Cup has admitted to similar corrupt conduct in harness racing. Robert James Clement, 51, was due to face a sentence hearing on Thursday in Sydney's District Court after a Tamworth jury found him guilty of engaging in conduct to corrupt the betting outcome of the Cup. His co-accused, horse trainer, Cody Glenn Morgan, 30, was found guilty of the same charge and two other offences. The Crown argued the pair had an agreement to obtain a financial windfall and drenched the winner Prussian Secret just hours before the race. On Thursday, Acting Judge Colin Charteris was told Clement had previously pleaded guilty to two counts of illegally possessing a firearm. Before the judge, he then pleaded guilty to facilitating corrupt conduct in relation to a Tamworth harness race and asked the court to take into account two similar matters. His case was adjourned to September 13. Morgan is due to give evidence on Thursday afternoon in relation to his sentencing. Reprinted with permission of the site

Police have moved to ban a Mokbel family associate and accused race-fixer from Victorian harness racing tracks. Paul Sequenzia was recently asked to leave a restricted area at a metropolitan meeting by Harness Racing Victoria investigators. They want to take that further and have made a submission for Victoria Police to ban him from tracks. Mr Sequenzia remains a regular presence at harness-racing meetings, to the concern of some industry figures. Allegations he has been involved in a cobalt horse-doping program and that he is connected to a race-fixing syndicate have some questioning what he is doing on-track. To read the full article written by Mark Buttler and Carly Crawford for The Herald Sun click on this link.

The prevailing view is that cheating in sport is more commonplace and more egregious now than ever before. Cheating in sport comes in two basic forms — doping and match or spot fixing. The former relies on the scenario where the alchemists will always be one step ahead of the chemists, where those who use illicit performance enhancing drugs will beat the overseers and continue to compete under an unfair advantage. In this year’s Olympics in Rio, the Russian track and field team will almost certainly have to sit it out in the bleachers after the Russian governing body accepted an indefinite ban from competition after the alleged cover-up of positive doping tests. The Kenyans, the doyens of long distance running, are under a cloud of suspicion. Yet for all the headlines, one could mount a sound argument that doping in sport had reached its acme almost thirty years ago and the introduction of the WADA Code in 2004 combined with more effective policing and pro secution of athletes taking banned substances is leading to what we all hope for when we watch sport — a level playing field. That is not to say professional sport in terms of doping is clean but it is cleaner than it was. Last month UK Athletics called for world track and field records to be reset because of the great suspicion that surrounds those that sit on the books now. Take women’s track and field events. From the 1500m down all records were set in the 1980s and 90s with the exception of one event, the 400m hurdles. There are a number of world records in women’s track and field events that are clearly not legitimate. The record for the women’s discus throw was set in 1988 by East German athlete, Gabriele Reinsch with a throw of 76.80 metres. Not one female thrower has broken 70 metres this century. American sprinter, Florence Griffith-Joyner, still holds the 100m and 200m sprint records, both obtained in 1988 — the latter set at the Seoul Olympics, the so-called ‘Dirty Games’. Griffith-Joyner maintained she never took drugs but the dramatic changes to her physique told a different tale. She retired from competition after the Seoul Games. Random drug testing of IAAF athletes commenced the following year. She died in 1998 aged 38. East German athlete, Marita Koch broke the 400m world record at the World Championships in Canberra in 1985 with a time of 47.60 seconds. Her recorded 100 and 200 metre splits of 11.3 and 22.4 seconds would have qualified her for the women’s 100m and 200m sprints at the 2012 Olympics in London. One of the great ironies of communist East Germany’s State Plan 14.25 — a program designed to shovel performance enhancing drugs into their athletes, is you couldn’t run Koch’s time driving around in a Trabant then or now. These records need to stand both as a testament to cheating and as a marker for questionable achievement in future. Doping may be on the decline while the pernicious effects of match and spot fixing are clearly still with us. Match fixing is pervasive and difficult to police by nature. Last night the ABC’s Four Corners program ran an exposé on match and spot fixing on the professional tennis circuit. The show made some claims about tennis players on the fringes of the ITP circuit without naming many but went on to uncover what stands as the biggest threat to the integrity of professional sport — unregulated betting agencies taking millions of dollars in bets on sporting events around the world. The Australian has been reporting on some questionable matches, including one played at the Australian Open less than a fortnight ago. Not only do these illicit betting agencies refuse to co-operate with authorities, they engage in money laundering with organised criminal syndicates. For many years gambling has been used as a means of laundering money, taking the black money from various criminal activities and washing it clean through a bookmaker. It was a rule of thumb that if $60 came back clean from a $100 of dirty money wagered, that was a decent outcome for those involved. Forty years ago, greyhound racing was literally awash with black money. Harness racing faced a similar problem in the 1980s. Legal casinos now face the problem everyday and are inclined to take the gambler’s money without caring much about where the dough has come from. Indeed it was said of harness racing that when Australia’s king of race fixing, George Freeman was about, there wasn’t a trotting meet anywhere in the country where one or more race on the card was bent. The important lesson here is that level of contrivance and cheating effectively destroyed what integrity harness racing may have had. Legitimate punters simply walked away from the sport. Harness racing has never recovered. The online unregulated bookmakers offer a similar service to that which Freeman enjoyed in the 1970s and 80s; the opportunity not just of washing money and obtaining a smaller return but where crime groups are able to predetermine the outcome of a sporting event, they not only come away with clean money but more of it. In practical terms there is little Australian authorities can do about online unregulated bookmakers who run off shore, often out of hotel rooms with a handful of laptops and a bank of plasma screen TVs. The best option is to co-operate and share information with other jurisdictions and hope for the broad sweep of US federal investigators to move in. Even then it’s like playing a game of whack-a-mole. But the rules are the same as they were in Freeman’s day. If a sport loses its integrity through match fixing or widespread doping, spectators and television audiences simply move on. We have the template for this via one of the world’s most lucrative sports, Major-league Baseball. The problems can be traced back to the players’ strike of 1994-95. It was only when the dispute was resolved that the governing body, MLB, believed the industrial landscape was too fraught to consider implementing an anti-doping policy. An anti-doping policy had not been in place in the MLB since 1985. And so it became open slather on doping. Big hitters became bigger hitters. For a brief moment, the US was gripped with a fascinating dual over a number of seasons between Mark McGwire at the St Louis Cardinals and Barry Bonds at the San Francisco Giants tonking the ball out of the park on a regular basis. McGwire broke the season home run record in 1998 with 70 home runs. Three years later Bonds smashed it with 73. Both men were juiced up on steroids. In 2004, the MLB agreed to a moratorium on drug testing. In that season players in the major and minor leagues were tested but no punishments were applied. Results from that period reveal seven per cent of players were using steroids and an astonishing 78 per cent were using some type of banned substance. To this day the National Baseball Hall of Fame has chosen to avoid handing hall of fame status to players from that period. Most importantly, attendances at games went into a deep trough and television audiences shrank. People knew they were being conned and wouldn’t have a bar of it. This is the soundest argument you can make for the WADA code and the tough policing of doping in professional sport and why the match fixers need to be sent packing. The salutary lesson for all sports administrators is if you build it they will come but if you degrade and debase it, they will turn away. By Jack The Insider Reprinted with permission of The Australian

On 11 November 2015, the Harness Racing Victoria (HRV) Racing Appeals and Disciplinary (RAD) Board heard a matter in regards to charges issued by HRV Stewards under Australian Harness Racing Rules (AHRR) 245 and 246 against formerly licensed stablehand Mr David Clohesy.  AHRR 245 reads as follows: A person shall not direct, persuade, encourage or assist anyone to breach these rules or otherwise engage in an improper practice. AHRR 246 reads as follows: A person who has reasonable grounds for believing that someone is behaving or may behave or has behaved in a way causing, likely to cause or which has caused a breach of these rules shall promptly bring the matter to the notice of the Controlling Body or the Stewards. The charges under AHRR 245 and 246 issued by HRV Stewards against Mr Clohesy related to Mr Clohesy’s involvement by way of arranging, at the request of formerly licensed trainer/driver Shayne Cramp, a third party to place a $100 trifecta bet on behalf of Shayne Cramp on Race 5 conducted at Mildura on 12 November 2014, a race in which Mr Shayne Cramp was competing in and therefore was unable to bet on. In relation to their own conduct with respect to the lead up to and running of this race, Shayne Cramp and his father, formerly licensed trainer/driver Greg Cramp, appeared at the Melbourne Magistrates Court on 3 September 2015 where they were convicted and sentenced to a Community Corrections Order for an offence against Section 195C of the Crimes Act 1958. On 30 October 2015, Shayne and Greg Cramp were also disqualified by Harness Racing Victoria (HRV) for a period of 12 years in relation to the matter. This 12 year disqualification is subject to an appeal by both parties. The charges against Mr Clohesy were not that he had any involvement with or knowledge of any arrangements between any other parties relevant to tactics to be adopted during the running of the race. Mr Clohesy, through his legal representative, pleaded guilty to the two charges and to a further charge issued under AHRR 245 regarding admissions he made to HRV Stewards with respect to the placing of a $250 win bet on Race 2 at Mildura on 14 January 2015, a bet he indicated to be on behalf of Shayne Cramp. After hearing submissions from HRV Stewards and the legal representative for Mr Clohesy, the HRV RAD Board imposed the following penalties, noting that Mr Clohesy had already relinquished his stablehand licence, removing himself from the industry as from 11 February 2015: Charge 1 (AHRR 245)  -   2 year disqualification Charge 2 (AHRR 246)  -   6 month disqualification (to be served concurrently to Charge 1) Charge 3 (AHRR 245)  -  1 year disqualification (to be served cumulatively to Charge 1-2) The RAD Board imposed an effective total disqualification of 3 years and ordered such disqualification to commence with immediate effect. In delivering its decision, the HRV RAD Board considered that Mr Clohesy had provided full co-operation and assistance to the HRV Stewards, voluntarily surrendered his stablehand licence as of 11 February 2015 and thereby removed himself from the industry, made admissions to all matters including the additional disclosure of the information that resulted in the laying of Charge 3, indicated at an early stage that he would be pleading guilty, expressed regret for not having given greater thought as to what he was being asked to do, been a licensed person since 2012, an owner for a longer period and had displayed genuine remorse for his involvement in the matter. The HRV RAD Board also considered Mr Clohesy’s personal circumstances, his youth and family circumstances and the impact of the publicity that the matter had attracted. The HRV RAD Board noted that Mr Clohesy’s involvement was as a conduit to enable Shayne Cramp to bet on the relevant race. The HRV RAD Board commented that, even considering the mitigatory matters and role played by Mr Clohesy, these type of offences strike at the core of the financial viability of harness racing, that harness racing depends to a significant extent from the financing it receives from gambling and that the gambling public will not gamble on harness racing unless it has an expectation that it is gambling on a level playing field. The HRV RAD Board also noted that these types of offences were very difficult to detect and that specific and general deterrence were particularly important considerations. These charges stem from the HRV Stewards initiating and conducting an investigation into the conduct of races and associated betting in the Mildura region relevant to the operation of the Mildura based Shayne Cramp stable. HRV Stewards provided information to the Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit of Victoria Police who commenced an investigation which culminated in Shayne and Greg Cramp appearing before the Melbourne Magistrates court as described above. HRV would like to acknowledge the co-operation between Victoria Police’s Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit, the Office of the Racing Integrity Commissioner and Harness Racing Victoria in bringing these serious matters before the relevant authorities. HRV particularly wish to acknowledge the significant efforts and dedication of the Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit in investigating this complex matter. If anyone has any information relating to race-fixing allegations they can contact Crimestoppers on 1800 333 000 or or the information can be reported to HRV Stewards on 03 8378 0222 or the Racing Integrity Hotline on 1300 227 225. Harness Racing Victoria

As racing steward Terry Bailey stumbled on to his nature strip, clutching a tribal carving for ­defence seconds after gunfire peppered his suburban family home, he confronted two new realities. His world as sheriff of the track had changed forever: criminal elements had taken the fight straight to his doorstep only days before the Melbourne Cup. His second thought provided little comfort: the shooter could be anyone among a bulging Rolodex of enemies the 48-year-old chief steward had accumulated during a meteoric rise from Rockhampton racetrack to the hallowed turf of Flemington. Among the beaming celebrities and corporate suits in the luxurious marquees of the Birdcage from today, the party will barely miss a beat: DJs, champagne, fashion and some stunning feats of equine athleticism. But the racing industry — and its top cop — have been blasted into a new and terrifying era. Bailey speaks with a slow, nasal drawl that betrays his humble ­origins as the son of a cop who grew up in the backblocks of Queensland and NSW. But, up close, his eyes twinkle with a raw intelligence that smart folk quickly detect. John “The Sheriff” Schreck, perhaps the most famous steward in Australian turf history, saw that glimmer in Bailey’s eye and plucked him from obscurity at Rockhampton and put him on the path to the big league. “I first met him when he was still at school and he was working as a gofer on the track at Rockhampton — all he ever wanted to do was be involved in the administration of racing,’’ he tells The Weekend Australian in his first ­extended interview since the shooting. “His work ethic was quite outstanding and his common sense.” Today the stakes are astronomically higher, the villains smarter and far more ruthless, but Bailey hasn’t lost his laconic bush sense of humour. “I don’t have any other interests in life so, I presume, this is the common denominator,’’ he said the morning after an unknown enemy had pumped six rounds from a semi-automatic weapon into the front door of his suburban Melbourne house. “If they want to find you, they’ll find you.” Now, as the $16 billion racing industry begins its biggest week of the year, with the eyes of the racing world fixed on Melbourne, he and his family (a wife and two teen daughters he “idolises”) are living out of a safe house with a security detail attached to them 24/7. The attack was written up this week as the moment that racing lost its innocence, a description that didn’t pass the laugh test even for those who love the so-called sport of kings. “Don’t they remember (gangster) Tony Mokbel betting up a storm? Or (a certain jockey) taking bungs? Or the Smoking Aces (race-fixing) case? Or the cobalt scandal,’’ one world-weary racing fan mused. But Bailey’s mentor Schreck, who was the Australian Jockey Club’s chief steward for 15 years and did stints in senior roles in Hong Kong, Singapore and Macau, believes the attack on his friend and protege marks a significant new low and racing needs to recognise it. “It’s a bloody awful thing and it’s done untold damage to horse racing in this country,’’ he said. “He (Bailey) would be terribly disturbed about it and worried for his family. In the future, when Terry Bailey moves back home I would expect he will have CCTV throughout the house. I never thought I would see those days. It’s just gangster stuff, isn’t it?” Gunshots flying into the home of the industry’s top cop is undoubtedly a new low, but villains have always lurked in the shadows of horse racing. There was the Fine Cotton scandal in the 1980s, ­George Freeman roaming Sydney tracks before that — the links even go back to the days of John Wren, depicted in Frank Hardy’s Power Without Glory. In more recent times, there has also been the unsolved execution-style murder of horse trainer Les Samba, gunned down on a Melbourne street in 2011. The jailed drug lord Tony Mokbel was a horse owner and reputedly still punts from his maximum-security prison, having led the so-called Tracksuit Gang in the 1980s and 90s, trading words and tips at racecourses across Australia. His brother Horty Mokbel was banned from tracks in 2004. Mick Gatto, who shot dead gangland killer Andrew “Benji’’ Veniamin more than a decade ago but beat a murder charge, is also now banned from racetracks and Crown casino. Carl Williams, the murderer who was killed in jail, was at the epicentre of Melbourne’s gangland war. He loved a punt as well. As did ­Alphonse Gangitano, once the public but violent face of the Carlton Crew. His interest in horse racing and protection rackets ended with his death in 1998 at the hands of — police believe — Jason Moran. The Morans had close links with racing and Jason Moran was accused of triggering the underworld war that killed dozens. He, too, is no longer with us. Beyond the glittering success of the Flemington carnival, racing has for years been locked in a struggle to expel criminal elements, with Bailey at the vanguard. Pretty much ever since he was lured from the Gold Coast to clean up harness racing in Vic­toria, he has had a tiger by the tail. Bailey soon unearthed a race-fixing scandal involving the use of a drug known as Blue Magic. In a move that foreshadowed his ­aggressive style, he liaised closely with police and used covert surveillance to build a case that culminated in raids in Australia and New Zealand that would smash a crime syndicate. He parlayed that success into a shift into thoroughbreds — the main game — where he became one of the youngest chief stewards in Victorian history, replacing stalwart Des Gleeson. As Bailey drove a more aggressive enforcement culture, that Rolodex of enemies continued to grow. His detractors accuse him of the law enforcement equivalent of “managing up” — kicking the shit out of industry participants to garner publicity and to further his own career. He tangled with talented but troubled jockey Danny Nikolic, pursuing the hoop unsuccessfully over the so-called Betfair scandal and then the Smoking Aces race-fixing probe. Nikolic was cleared on both, but it was the start of a bloody war of attrition between the steward and jockey that would ultimately see Bailey get his man following a clash outside the steward’s tower in which Nikolic is alleged to have said: “We’ve all got families, c---, and we know where yours live ...” Nikolic, who was banned for two years, denied making the comment and was not commenting on this week’s incident. Bailey has been unrelenting in driving higher integrity standards, pushing for covert surveillance of stables and demanding trainers give his officials keys to their stable doors and even seeking to implant a spy in one stable. He found himself at the centre of the most high-profile drug case in the sport’s recent history when big-name trainers Peter Moody, Mark Kavanagh and Danny O’Brien were charged over positive swabs for cobalt returned by horses in their care. The cases continue to grind on, further damaging the sport’s image as ever darker secrets emerge, such as the reported links between a vet involved in supplying cobalt and organised criminals with ties to the harness racing world. It is true that racing has taken big strides towards a far more ruthless enforcement culture, introducing tough drug standards and investing in testing laboratories that keep officials close on the heels of biochemists. Victoria’s Racing Integrity Commissioner, Sal Perna, says on top of sophisticated race-day betting analysis teams, racing now has its own compliance and audit squads. “These are guys who are jumping the fences of trainers’ properties and checking the stables and drug testing,’’ he said. “Integrity has become much (more) important. Racing’s success is based on public confidence. If the public don’t have confidence in integrity, they won’t bet, then there’s less money coming in.” Racing Australia chief executive Peter McGauran says the brazen gun attack is a wake-up call for the federal government, which must let the industry’s integrity bodies have better access to phone call and intercept data to protect the sport from organised crime. “If there are criminal elements capable of that here you can only imagine what those associated with illegal Asian bookmaking are capable of,” he said. Racing commentator Richard Freedman, the brother of Melbourne Cup winning trainers Lee and Anthony Freedman, says the attack on Bailey comes at a bad time for the sport but he doesn’t believe it will have a lasting negative effect. “I don’t want to sound blase about what happened to Terry because it’s appalling, but you have to take the long view — in the long term, the sport will be better.” Freedman agrees that racing is suffering from “the Tour de France syndrome”. “If you attempt to tackle cheats in your sport, you will expose yourself to claims your sport is full of cheats, because you will find them,’’ he said.   By Rick Wallace   Reprinted with permission of The site

After initiating and conducting an investigation into the conduct of races and associated betting in the Mildura region relevant to the operation of the Mildura based harness racing Shayne Cramp stable, HRV Stewards provided information to Victoria Police who commenced an investigation into the relevant matters. The investigation was conducted by the Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit. The complex investigation culminated in licensed participants Shayne and Greg Cramp being arrested on 2 February 2015 and questioned with respect to race-fixing allegations. On this date, HRV Stewards immediately suspended the training and driving licences of Shayne and Greg Cramp and excluded both parties from attending any harness racing tracks. At the Melbourne Magistrates Court on 3 September 2015, Mr Shayne and Greg Cramp pleaded guilty to a charge issued by Victoria Police under Section 195C of the Crimes Act 1958 which provides: A person must not engage in conduct that corrupts or would corrupt a betting outcome of an event or eventcontingency—    (a) knowing that, or being reckless as to whether, the conduct corrupts or would corrupt a betting outcome of the event or the event contingency; and    (b) intending to obtain a financial advantage, or to cause a financial disadvantage, in connection with any betting on the event or the event contingency. Both Shayne and Greg Cramp were convicted and sentenced to a Community Corrections Order (CCO) for a period of 12 months, with Shayne Cramp required to perform 300 hours of community work and Greg Cramp required to perform 200 hours of community work. The sentence imposed for both parties related to their conduct with respect to the lead up to and running of Race 5 at Mildura on 12 November 2014. The sentence for Shayne Cramp also related to his conduct with respect to the lead up to and running of Race 6 at Mildura on 29 November 2014.  On 23 October 2015, Shayne and Greg Cramp attended before a sub-committee formed by the HRV Board whose role it was to consider the application or otherwise of Australian Harness Racing Rule (AHRR) 267(1) which provides: 267. (1) Subject to sub-rule (2) the Controlling Body may for such period and on such conditions as it thinks fit, disqualify a person who is found guilty of or convicted of a crime or an offence in any State or Territory of Australia or in any country.  On 30 October 2015, the HRV Board considered the above provisions and the recommendations of the sub-committee. The HRV Board endorsed the sub-committee’s recommendation that the provisions of AHRR267 (1) be invoked and that Shayne and Greg Cramp be disqualified for a period of 12 years. The HRV Board subsequently ordered that Shayne and Greg Cramp be disqualified for a period of 12 years and that such penalty be backdated to commence 2 February 2015 when their licences were originally suspended by HRV Stewards. Shayne and Greg Cramp are therefore disqualified from having any involvement in the harness racing industry and this disqualification will remain in place until 2 February 2027.  The HRV Board also noted and endorsed the sub-committee’s indication that but for the co-operation and admissions to the offending by Shayne and Greg Cramp, the sub-committee would have recommended a disqualification period of 16 years be imposed. Throughout the criminal and harness racing proceedings, both parties expressed remorse for their conduct with Shayne Cramp describing his actions as unforgiveable and a “brain fade” and Greg Cramp describing an “on the spot” decision which turned out to be diabolical. The board also endorsed the sub-committee’s belief that the corrupt act of race fixing is one of the most serious offences that can be committed by participants involved in the harness racing industry and that any person found guilty of committing such offences should be disqualified for an extended period. HRV would like to acknowledge the co-operation between Victoria Police’s Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit, the Office of the Racing Integrity Commissioner and Harness Racing Victoria in bringing these serious matters before a criminal Court proceeding. HRV particularly wish to acknowledge the significant efforts and dedication of the Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit in investigating this complex matter. HRV also wish to thank Mildura police for their extensive assistance and the Victoria Police Prosecutions Division, noting it to be the first successful prosecution in any form of racing under such legislation. If anyone has any information relating to race-fixing allegations they can contact Crimestoppers on 1800 333 000 or or the information can be reported to HRV Stewards on 03 8378 0222 or the Racing Integrity Hotline on 1300 227 225. Whilst the damage to the sport of harness racing for conduct such as that engaged in by Shayne and Greg Cramp is immeasurable, it is important to reflect upon the fact that such conduct has been detected and also that the conduct has been detected by the sport itself and that the parties involved have appeared before both criminal and harness racing proceedings. The harness racing industry is united in condemning such behaviour and will continue to support HRV Stewards in their endeavours to actively hunt any such wrongdoing and prosecute accordingly. HRV Stewards look forward to continuing their strong working relationship with the Victorian Police Sporting Integrity Intelligence Unit who lead the law enforcement response to matters of race fixing in sport. Harness Racing Victoria

Harness Racing New South Wales (HRNSW) Stewards concluded an Inquiry today into the betting activities of licensed Trainer and Driver Mr David Moran, including a bet placed in Race 4 at the Leeton Harness Meeting on 30 January 2015, a race in which Mr Moran was engaged as a driver. Mr Moran again appeared at the inquiry. Evidence including telephone records was entered into evidence. Further evidence was also taken from Ms Laura Crossland (via telephone. Mr Moran was issued with two (2) charges pursuant to Rule 173 (1) & (3) which states: 173. (1)  A driver shall not bet in a race in which the driver participates.  (3)  A driver who fails to comply with any provision of this rule is guilty of an offence. The particulars of the charges issued against Mr Moran are as follows: On 15 January 2015, Mr Moran placed a bet via the Wagering Operator Tabcorp, on BENOAH which competed in Race 6 at the Wagga Harness Meeting on that day. Mr Moran drove that horse and the bet to win was $50. On 30 January 2015, Mr Moran placed a bet via the Wagering Operator Tabcorp, on SMO, a horse trained and driven by his partner Ms Laura Crossland, which competed in Race 4 at the Leeton Harness Meeting on that day. The bet to win was $50 and Mr Moran drove MAJOR JULES in that race. Mr Moran pleaded guilty to the charge relating to 30 January 2015 and the charge relating to the 15 January 2015 was found proven by the Stewards. In respect of the charge relating to 15 January 2015, Mr Moran was fined the amount of $500. In respect of the charge relating to 30 January 2015, Mr Moran was disqualified for a period of 3 months to commence from midnight 28 July 2015.  In determining penalty, Stewards took all circumstances of this matter into consideration and were mindful of Mr Moran’s licence history, personal subjective facts including personal and financial hardships and Mr Moran’s guilty plea in respect of the matter relating to 30 January 2015. Reid Sanders

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